WHO draft guideline proposes to reduce daily sugar intake to 5 percent of the total energy consumption
WHO today issued a draft guideline where they have reduced the daily “Free Sugar” intake from 10 % of total calories to 5 %. Earlier guideline was issued in the year 2002 in which daily free sugar consumption was set to less than 10 percent of daily energy intake.
Free Sugar is extra sugar added in the form of sucrose, glucose and fructose in various cola based drinks and fruit juices (which already has natural sugars). Apart from cola and fruit juices free sugar is consumed in the form of sweeteners in coffee, cakes and drinks like tea.
WHO issued drafted a new guideline where the organization have proposed that daily intake of sugar should not exceed 5 percent of total calories consumed in a day. The idea behind decreasing or cutting the sugar intake by half is that more and more people consume large amount of sugar that could replace better nutritionally adequate sources of calories and also increase daily intake of total calories which have been linked to diseases like heart disease, obesity, hypertension and possible type 2 diabetes mellitus.
In recent survey it has been concluded that about 5 percent of people consume 575 kcal of via sugar which is equivalent of 5 cans of sugary drink or soda. While on an average 50 percent of US population consumes sugary drink daily.
WHO also made a case in point about dental diseases and cavities which can be directly linked to sugar intake in which about 80 to 90 percent of children had the disease while almost 100 percent adults had dental cavities.
Important thing to note is that this is a draft guideline, where WHO has said that reducing sugar intake from 10 percent to 5 % can result in various health benefits. Five percent amounts to 6 teaspoon of sugar for an adult with normal BMI [Body Mass Index].
The draft guideline will be peer to peer reviewed and comments are invited from March 5 to 31st. After reviewing comments and peer to peer review if necessary the previous guideline of daily sugar intake could be revised to current draft guideline of 5 percent consumption of free sugar intake daily.